Civil Engineering – Scope, Demand & Future
Civil engineering has been a popular choice amongst engineering aspirants for decades. The main reason behind this is that this field has witnessed incessant growth over the last couple of years and has created a high demand for professionals. Civil engineers are key figures in the development of the community and play an important role in the same. Many aspirants are opting for civil engineering as their specialization or career option while applying for the best engineering colleges in Coimbatore and across the country. Civil engineers are a part of the project from beginning to end for construction of basic roads to beautiful sea links, all scales of industries, and building residential, commercial and public spaces. They are involved in ideating, planning, analysing, designing, overseeing construction, and the completion of a project. Their job also involves risk management and safety measures. They analyse and study the material, soil, and the risk of construction, plan, and design. They also execute the construction to its desired results and then maintain the structure.
The branches of civil engineering are increasing all the time. It started with the earliest humans and the basic need to create spaces. Today, that need has peaked because of the population rise. Civil engineers work on creating optimal spaces according to the requirements of the community. The branches which have the highest demand for civil engineers are-
Structural Engineering – It involves structural analysis in terms of design, resistance, risk, and repair of the structure.
Construction Engineering – Planning, managing and overseeing the construction until after it’s completed and maintaining the structure of the building are the responsibilities of a Construction Engineer.
Transportation Engineering – The branch of Transportation Engineering deals with the requirements of transport mainly through roadways, railways, and waterways.
There are a lot of other branches in engineering that are ever-growing and equally or more important like Coastal Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Municipal Engineering, Material Engineering, Tunnel Engineering, Water Resource Engineering, etc.
Civil engineering continues to grow in size and evolve for the need of the people to create optimal spaces for living, working, travelling and retreat. As per the Bureau of Labour Statistics, the employment of civil engineers is expected to grow 6% between 2018-2028. All the branches of civil engineering offer jobs in the sectors of designing, planning, construction, and maintenance. The scope of opportunities in all these sectors is always at a high demand, although the employment rate of construction engineers is the highest. The Economy Times predicts that by 2020, 95 billion sq. ft. of land is required by the real estate and construction industry. There is an immense need for civil engineers based on the report titled “Real Estate and Construction Professionals in India by 2020” published by the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. This report states that India needs 4 million civil engineers as approximately 120 million urban population will require their residential needs to be fulfilled.
This is a booming market, with technology and innovation seeping right into the construction business daily. Global Market Insights Inc. on GlobeNewswire published a report estimating the market value of the Civil Engineering industry is to reach USD 11.72 trillion by 2025. The technological advancement and the ever-increasing demand of the construction industry, coupled with the need for eco-friendly construction to preserve the planet has resulted in the opening of a lot of branches to study, analyse and deliver the required build. All of the factors mentioned above make Civil Engineering an ideal choice for engineering aspirants.